Hz Fatima bint Muhammad (RA) was the beloved and youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad (Saw) and Hz Khadijah bint Khuwaylid (RA). She was born five years before Prophet(saw) received prophethood.
Fatima (RA) was bestowed with the title “az-Zahra” which means “The Resplendent one” in reference to her radiant face. She was also titled; “al-batool” which means the one with “pure character”. She was a woman of courage, loyalty, humility, and selflessness.

Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama (RA):
Allah’s Apostle (PBUH) said, “Fatima is a part of me, and he who makes her angry, makes me angry.” Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 57, Number 61

Hz Fatima (RA) spent her early years under the care and love of her parents. She was very courageous from the beginning. One day while accompanying her father(saw) to Masjid Al-Haram and as he begun to pray some of the people from Quraysh gathered there and started throwing filth on him(saw). She shielded her father from the evil people.
Abdullah bin Masud (RA) narrated:
When the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was lying prostrate in prayer and around him were some people from the Quraysh, Uqbah bin Abu Mu’ait brought the fetus of a she-camel and threw it on the back of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). He did not raise his head until Fatima arrived, removed it from his back and cured him who had done that (ugly act). Sahih Muslim Book 19, Hadith 4422

Hz Fatima (RA) was well known for being the compassionate and kind nature. She was always helpful and generous. She would give away anything for the cause of charity even if it meant that she would go hungry.
In early life, she experienced a great deal of sadness and hardship. Firstly, there was her sister's departure following their marriage, then her other sisters Ruqayyah(RA) and Umm Kulthum(RA) suffered mental torture as they both were married to Abu-Lahab’s sons. Her hardship didn’t stop there, they were forced to leave their home by the Quraysh. Life became more difficult when Quraysh banned all food and any contact with the Muslims. Shortly after the boycott, Fatimah suffered one of the greatest tribulations with the death of her mother.

At the age of eighteen, Hz Fatima (RA) was married to Hz Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA), in Medina. Their marriage was a very happy one, albeit the couple spent most of their lives in extreme poverty.

Unlike her sisters’ husbands, Ali RA was poor and both he and Fatimah RA had to work very hard. On one particular occasion, life became so unbearable that they went to the Prophet SAW to ask him for servants. Rather than giving them servants, the Prophet SAW taught them to recite Subhan Allah, Al Hamdulillah, Allahu Akbar after each prayer and before going to sleep.
Hz Fatima (RA) and Hz Ali (RA) had two sons, Hasan (RA) and Hussain (RA); and two daughters, Zainab (RA) and Umm Kulthum (RA).

Despite having a busy family life, Hz Fatima (RA) still managed to find time for the Ummah. She played a key role in the battle of Uhud and Trench, She would tend to the wounded and prepare food for the warriors.
Narrated by Sahl, when he was asked about the wound of the Prophet on the day of the Battle of Uhud:
The face of the Prophet (PBUH) was wounded and one of his front teeth was broken, and the helmet over his head was smashed. Fatima washed off the blood while Ali held water. When she saw that bleeding was increasing continuously, she burnt a mat (of date-palm leaves) till it turned into ashes which she put over the wound and thus the bleeding ceased. Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 52, Hadith 159

Towards the end of his life, the Messenger of Allah (saw) fell ill and would spend his days in his apartment with his wife Aisha (RA). When once Fatima (RA) visited him he smiled cheerfully and told her a secret. Hearing that she began to cry. Then he again told her something and she began to laugh.

Narrated Hz Aisha (RA):
The Prophet (PBUH) in his fatal illness, called his daughter Fatima and told her a secret because of which she started weeping. Then he called her and told her another secret, and she started laughing. When I asked her about that, she replied, “The Prophet (PBUH) told me that he would die in his fatal illness, and so I wept, but then he secretly told me that from amongst his family, I would be the first to join him, and so I laughed.” Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 56, Hadith 820

Hz Fatima (RA) passed away in the year 11 AH (632 CE), at the age of 29, barely few months after Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) left this world.

The Prophet SAW was reported to have said that, “The best women in the entire world are four: the Virgin Mary, Asiya the wife of Pharaoh, Khadijah Mother of the Believers, and Fatimah daughter of Muhammad.”