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IS ORGAN DONATION PERMITTED IN ISLAM

''ORGAN DONATION''

 This is a topic which little is known of but often asked. Muslims often need organ donation but cannot receive them because there is no match, the reason being the majority of the Muslims think it is Haram (Forbidden) to donate. 

ORGAN DONATION IS A DEEP TOPIC

According to the scholars of Islam, it needs to be carefully understood in the light of the Shariah and medical researchIn recent years with the advancement of science and technology, many have asked the question if a Muslim can donate their organs. Muslims scholars around the world have research in great detail and addressed the issue at hand. We will discuss their general rulings and conclusion in this article.
IMPORTANT NOTE

What is meant by 'Organ' is any part of a person, be it is tissues, cells, blood and so on, such as the cornea, whether it is still attached or has been separated. 

IS ORGAN DONATION ALLOWED IN ISLAM

Yes, Scholars stating that it is permissible to donate organs have been issued by a number of conferences, seminars, and committees, including the international Islamic conference held in Malaysia, Makkah, Riyadh and any various places in the world. These resolutions were issued after a lengthy discussion among a number of jurists, doctors, and specialists. It is also a view of a number of scholars and researchers, However donating organs comes with conditions under the Shariah.

Let's take a closer look at what Islamic scholars say. Organ donations can generally be divided into four main categories.

1) Donating organs when person is alive

2) Donating organs after person has died

3) Donating organs on which life depends

4) Donating organs on which life does not depend

(FIRST)  

WHAT DO THE SCHOLARS OF ISLAM SAY ABOUT DONATING ORGANS WHILE A PERSON IS ALIVE?

It is permitted to transplant or graft an organ from one part of a person's body to another, so long as one is careful to ascertain that the benefits of this operation outweigh any harm that may result from it, and on the condition that this is done to replace something that has been lost, or to restore its appearance or regular function, or to correct so fault or disfigurement which is causing physical or psychological distress.

It is permitted to transplant an organ from one person's body to another, if it is an organ that can regenerate itself, like skin or blood, on the condition that the donor is mature and understands what he is doing, and that all other pertinent Shariah conditions are met.

It is permitted to use part of an organ that has been removed because of illness to benefit another person, such as using the cornea of an eye removed because of illness.

(SECOND) 

 WHAT DO THE SCHOLARS OF ISLAM SAY ABOUT DONATING ORGANS AFTER A PERSON HAS DIED?

It is permitted to transplant an organ from a dead person to a living person whose life depends on receiving that organ, or whose vital functions are otherwise impaired, on the condition that permission is given either by the person before his death or by his heirs, or by the leader of the Muslims in cases where the dead person's identity is unknown or he has no heirs.

Care should be taken to ensure that there is a proper agreement to the transplant of organs in the cases described above, on the condition that no buying or selling of organs is involved. It is not permitted to trade in human organs under any circumstances.

(THIRD)

WHAT DO THE SCHOLARS OF ISLAM SAY ABOUT DONATING ORGANS ON WHICH LIFE DEPENDS?

It is haram (Forbidden) to take an organ on which life depends, such as taking a heart from a living person to transplant into another person.

It is haram (Forbidden) to take an organ from a living person when doing so could impair an essential vital function, even though his life itself may not be under threat, such as removing the corneas of both eyes. however removing organs which will lead to only partial impairment is a matter which is still under scholarly discussion.

(FOURTH)

WHAT DO THE SCHOLARS OF ISLAM SAY ABOUT DONATING ORGANS ON WHICH LIFE DOES NOT DEPEND?

It is permissible to donate organs so long as the donation will not lead to the death of the donor.

It is haram (Forbidden) to transplant an organ from a living person when its removal may cause an essential function to cease, even though his life does not depend on it, such as taking the corneas of both eyes, but if he will still have partial function after removing it, then the matter is subject to further discussion and is still under scholarly debate.

CAN WE DONATE BLOOD 

Yes, it is permissible for a Muslim to donate blood and important thing to note is that Muslims can donate organs and blood to both Muslims and Non-Muslims.

WHY YOU SHOULD DONATE

Harm must be eliminated. Eliminating harm is one of the objectives of Islamic law. In the context of organ transplantation, this procedure fulfills the objective of preserving human life and Allah promises a great reward, its mentioned in Quran that if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind.

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