IS IT PERMISSIBLE FOR THE SPOUSES TO BE NAKED WHEN HAVING INTERCOURSE WITHOUT ANY COVER?

All Praise be to Allaah.

If anyone claims that anything in Islam is prohibited it must be proved with a shari evidence which is from the Book of Allah or the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him).

Hence to claim that something is haram or halal we must be able to put forth the evidence that must support this claim.

With regard to our question that is it permissible for spouses to be naked during intercourse, it is agreed upon by majority of scholars from major fiqhs of Islam that it is permissible and that there is no wrong in it.

However the hanabalis are of the view that it is makhroo but not forbidden. To support their claim they use this hadith as the evidence but don't have a sound example to prove their point.

1 – It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "When one of you goes in unto his wife, let him be covered, for if he is not covered, the angels feel shy and depart, then if they have a child, the Shaytaan will have a share of him."

This was narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Mu'jam al-Awsat (1/63), and by al-Bazzaar who classed it as da'eef (weak), as it says in Nasab al-Raayah, 4/247.

2 – It was narrated that 'Abd-Allaah ibn Mas'ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "When one of you goes in unto his wife, let him cover and not be naked like donkeys."

This was narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, 10/196, and by al-Bayhaqi, who classed it as da'eef (weak) (7/193). Its isnaad includes Mandal ibn 'Ali, who is da'eef.

It was also narrated by Ibn Maajah (1921) from the hadeeth of 'Utbah ibn 'Abd-Allaah al-Sulami, who was classed as da'eef by al-Albaani in Irwa' al-Ghaleel, 2009.

3 – It was narrated that Abu Umaamah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "When one of you goes in unto his wife, let him cover himself and his wife, and not be naked like donkeys."

This was narrated by al-Tabaraani (8/164). Its isnaad includes 'Afeer ibn Ma'daan who is da'eef, as was stated in Majma' al-Zawaa'id, 4/293.

All the above hadith are daeef or weak and it is not valid to quote them for something and make them as evidence. They dont form a valid evidence according to sariah.

Therefore, it is permissible and spouses can enjoy each others company however they wish, by looking and touching.

The majority of scholars have quoted as evidence that it is permissible by the hadeeth of Bahz ibn Hakeem, from his father, from his grandfather, who said: I said, O Messenger of Allaah, with regard to our ‘awrah, what may we uncover of it and what must we conceal? He said: “Cover your ‘awrah except from your wife and those whom your right hand possesses (i.e., concubines).” I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what if the people live close together? He said, “If you can make sure that no one sees it, then do not let anyone see it.” I said, O Messenger of Allaah, what if one of us is alone? He said, “Allaah is more deserving that you should feel shy before Him than people.”

Narrated and classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi, 2794; Ibn Maajah, 1920; Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

They also quoted as evidence a da'eef hadeeth, narrated from 'Abd-Allaah ibn 'Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "Beware of being naked, for you have with you those who never leave you except when you defecate, and when a man goes in unto his wife, so feel shy of them and respect them."

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2800. Its isnaad includes Layth ibn Abi Sulaym, who made mistakes and was classed as da'eef by al-Albaani in Irwa' al-Ghaleel, 64.

Conclusion.

No sahee/authentic hadith states that it is not permissible to be uncovered when with ones spouse. A person can be naked and it us not wrong and there is proof that supports this basic principle.

And Allaah knows best.