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WHAT IS NIPAH VIRUS AND HOW TO BE SAFE FROM IT

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF NIPAH VIRUS (NiV)

1) Sustained fever and headache with drowsiness
2) Disorientation & mental confusion
3) Respiratory issues, illness & choking
4) Encephalitis - inflammation of the Brain
5) Nervous disease
6) Persistent Convulsions & personality changes
7)Stomach pain & vomiting

These signs and symptoms can progress to coma within 24-48 hours.

HOW IS NIPAH VIRUS TRANSMITTED?

The question is what can transmit NiV? Transmission of NiV can happen on direct contact with infected bats, infected pigs, or from other NiV infected people. In earlier outbreaks in India and Bangladesh, people-to-people transmission has been frequently reported. It has been commonly seen in the family and caregivers of Nipah virus-infected patients. A potentially high-occurrence reason identified from the Kerala outbreak is consumption of mango contaminated with infectious bat (Fruit bat) excretions.

NIPAH VIRUS PRECAUTIONS & PREVENTION

NiV is a persistent virus, which sustains from 5 to 14 days. The symptoms become clear after this initial time. Suggest these to prevent being infected by the NiV virus:

1) Stay away from an infected person
2) If in vicinity of a dead body of anyone who dies of Nipah infection, pls cover your face properly
3) Stay away from infected Bats, pigs and places which have a known case of ill bat/s or pig/s
4) Don’t eat fallen fruits, Wash all fruits thoroughly
5) Avoid drinking raw date palm sap
6) In case you came in the vicinity of any NiV infected person or animal, you must maintain a distance from the patient and sanitize and wash your hands properly.
7) Clean your clothes, utensils and bathroom items like mugs and buckets separately. Ensure that they are all maintained hygienically

Please note, that there are no vaccines available for Nipah virus as of now. Person infected with NiV need intensive care as the first line of action. This perhaps makes it a must to take all precautions and to share it with all your friends and family too.

(Source - parentune.com)

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